Travels through Historical Fiction: the Cabinet War Rooms

war rooms entranceAs we begin History Imagined’s second year, I am excited about beginning a new series of posts, as well. They will be organized around places distant and near that I have been fortunate enough to visit or have placed on my bucket list. As a devotee of all things historical, I rarely miss an opportunity to peek into the past of any location in which I find myself, and being a complete Anglophile, the United Kingdom felt like a wonderful place to start. One of my favorite discoveries there is the Churchill Museum and Cabinet War Rooms, major exhibits of the Imperial War Museums.

war rooms chruchillThe Cabinet War Rooms are a complex of basement and sub-basement level rooms and passages used by Churchill and his staff at the height of World War II. They served as the bunker that sheltered the most critical government and military officials during air raids and the Blitz. The rooms’ location was, of course,  a secret of the highest order. The Cabinet War Rooms still stand beneath the Treasury Building in Whitehall in the heart of London’s Westminster section and are part of the Imperial War Museums system, which has locations throughout the UK. The entrance to the War Rooms, where tourists begin their visits, is located at the Clive Steps on King Charles Street, London, SW1A2AQ.

How the entrance to the War Rooms looked when we visited.

How the entrance to the War Rooms looked when we visited.

During our first trip to London in 1983, the Cabinet War Rooms were not available for public viewing, but by the time we returned in 1992, they were open for business. Being in the space where the wartime prime minister and his cabinet and staff planned Britain’s response to Hitler’s monstrous evil increased the already considerable awe and reverence in which I held Churchill. The passageways are narrow, the alcoves and rooms where the work was accomplished are almost too small for the amount of necessary furniture, and the accommodations were utilitarian at best, but it was from these cramped, stuffy, underground spaces that Churchill and Britain waged a war that would determine their very survival and that of the Free World.

Firefighters working after a Saturday night air raid in 1941.

Firefighters working after a Saturday night air raid in 1941.

 

Winston Churchill, like all human beings, had his faults, not the least being intransigence and arrogance, but his strengths far outweighed his personal failings. His leadership during one of the darkest periods of British history makes him one of my personal heroes.

Dome of St. Paul's Cathedral with smoke from raging fires of first night of the London Blitz, Sept. 7, 1940. The Blitz lasted for 76 consecutive nights. [1]

Dome of St. Paul’s Cathedral surrounded by smoke from raging fires on first night of the London Blitz, Sept. 7, 1940. The Blitz lasted for 76 consecutive nights. [1]

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cressida Finch of the Imperial War Museums shares this brief history of the Cabinet War Rooms:

During the Second World War, a group of basement offices in Whitehall served as the centre of Britain’s war effort. The complex, known as the Cabinet War Rooms, was occupied by leading government ministers, military strategists and Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Following the devastation of the First World War, military planners feared up to 200,000 casualties from bombing in the first week of a future war.

Plans to evacuate the prime minister, cabinet and essential staff from London were drawn up as early as the 1920s, but concern that Londoners would feel abandoned if the prime minister and government were in a safe place, and issues about the speed of evacuation, led to a search for an emergency shelter in central London.

In June 1938 the New Public Offices building was selected. It was near Parliament, with a strong steel frame and a large basement.

The basement was adapted to provide meeting places for the War Cabinet during air raids and also housed a military information centre based around a ‘Map Room’. Here, vital information for King George VI, Prime Minister Churchill and the armed forces was collected.

The Cabinet War Rooms became fully operational on 27 August 1939, a week before Britain declared war on Germany.

Churchill’s War Cabinet met here 115 times, most often during the Blitz and the later German V-weapon offensive.

The Cabinet War Rooms were in use 24 hours a day until 16 August 1945, when the lights were turned off in the Map Room for the first time in six years.

In 1984, IWM opened the rooms to the public for the first time and they can be visited today.

In 2005 HM the Queen opened the Churchill Museum, which examines the life and work of Winston Churchill.[2]

The War Rooms play a brief, but pivotal role in my World War II novel Casablanca: Appointment at Dawn. Writing that portion of the story was a lot of fun because it gave me an opportunity to revisit the museum, albeit through pictures and the internet. Please join me in the gallery below for a peek into wartime Britain and the Cabinet War Rooms of the Imperial War Museums.

Gallery

Churchill's personal quarters as they looked during the war.

Churchill’s personal quarters as they looked during the war.

And as they look today.

And as they look today

Communications

Communications

war-rooms telephones

 

war rooms wwii era map room2

Chiefs of Staff Conference Room.

war rooms map room 3 chief of staff conf room

 

war rooms wwii era 4

Communications room during wartime.

Passageway

Passageway.

war rooms wwii era map room

 

 

war rooms 2 map room

 

 

Visitor's Entrance, Cabinet War Rooms

Visitor’s Entrance, Cabinet War Rooms

war rooms main floor map-2

 

war rooms floor plan paddock_basement_plan

Notes

  1. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/sep/06/blitz-night-fire-new-war, accessed 11/17/2015.
  2. http://www.iwm.org.uk/history/a-short-history-of-the-cabinet-war-rooms, accessed 11/16/2015.
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